James Wolfensohn

Parameter Value
Full Name James David Wolfensohn
Born 1 December 1933 in Sydney; New South Wales

James Wolfensohn competed for Australia in fencing at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics but his business career has far outshone his sporting one. He received a degree in law from the University of Sydney and worked briefly as a lawyer in Australia before attending Harvard Business School. After receiving his MBA he worked in Switzerland, Australia, and London before settling in the United States as a senior executive with Salomon Brothers. In 1980 he became a US citizen, and began his own investment firm, James D. Wolfensohn, Inc., which included among its partners Paul Volcker, former chairman of the US Federal Reserve Bank.

James Wolfensohn

In 1995, President Bill Clinton nominated Wolfensohn to become President of the World Bank, and he assumed that post on 1 July 1995. The bank’s board of executive directors unanimously supported him for a second five-year term in 2000, and he became only the third person to serve two terms in that position.

After leaving the World Bank he formed Wolfensohn & Company, LLC, a private investment firm and advisory group that provided consulting advice to governments and large corporations. He also became chairman of the International Advisory Board of Citigroup. He also served one year as special envoy for Gaza Disengagement for the Quartet in the Middle East, a post to which he was named by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. In 2005, James Wolfensohn also founded the Wolfensohn Center for Development at the Brookings Institution, a Washington-based think tank.

He has received numerous honors. He was an honorary trustee of the Brookings Institution, trustee and former chairman of the board for the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, chairman emeritus of the Carnegie Hall, and of the John F. Kennedy for the Performing Arts in Washington, and was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He was awarded the Order of Australia in 1987 and received an honorary knighthood and OBE in 1995.

Games/Sport Event Position
1956 Fencing Men’s Team Épée 4 p1 r1/3

Silver and Bronze Medal Trivia

OK, we know that Michael Phelps has won the most Olympic medals, with 22, and the most Olympic gold medals, with 18. But what about silver and bronze medals – who has the most of the other podium medals?

For silver medals the list of all those with 5 or more is as follows:

Silvers Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
6 Aleksandr Dityatin M S URS GYM
6 Mikhail Voronin M S URS GYM
6 Shirley Babashoff F S USA SWI
5 Larysa Latynina F S URS GYM
5 Nikolay Andrianov M S URS GYM
5 Edoardo Mangiarotti M S ITA FEN
5 Raisa Smetanina F W EUN/URS CCS
5 Aleksandr Popov M S EUN/RUS SWI
5 Raisa Smetanina F W URS CCS
5 Zoltán von Halmay M S HUN SWI
5 Leisel Jones F S AUS SWI
5 Anky van Grunsven F S NED EQU
5 Yury Titov M S URS GYM
5 Katalin Kovács F S HUN CAN
5 Mariya Horokhovska F S URS GYM
5 Gustavo Marzi M S ITA FEN
5 Andrea Ehrig-Schöne-Mitscherlich F W GDR SSK
5 Dagmar Hase F S GER SWI
5 Bogdan Musiol M W GDR/GER BOB
5 Viktor Lisitsky M S URS GYM

How about individual silver medals? Who has the most of those? Here are all those who have won 4 or more individual silver medals?

IndSilvers Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
5 Larysa Latynina F S URS GYM
5 Aleksandr Dityatin M S URS GYM
5 Shirley Babashoff F S USA SWI
5 Andrea Ehrig-Schöne-Mitscherlich F W GDR SSK
4 Raisa Smetanina F W EUN/URS CCS
4 Raisa Smetanina F W URS CCS
4 Zoltán von Halmay M S HUN SWI
4 Mikhail Voronin M S URS GYM
4 Karin Enke-Kania F W GDR SSK
4 Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann-Kleemann F W GER SSK
4 Mariya Horokhovska F S URS GYM
4 Kirsty Coventry F S ZIM SWI
4 Kateřina Neumannová F W CZE CCS
4 Hryhoriy Misiutin M S EUN/UKR GYM
4 David Cal M S ESP CAN
4 Hryhoriy Misiutin M S EUN GYM
4 Frankie Fredericks M S NAM ATH
4 Ivica Kostelić M W CRO ASK

What about those who have won silver medals but no other Olympic medal? All they won were silver medals. Somewhat surprisingly, 10 Olympians have won 4 or more silvers, but no other Olympic medals. And here they are:

Silvers Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
5 Viktor Lisitsky M S URS GYM
4 Frankie Fredericks M S NAM ATH
4 Ivica Kostelić M W CRO ASK
4 Tsuyoshi Yamanaka M S JPN SWI
4 Hilkka Riihivuori-Kuntola F W FIN CCS
4 Vincenzo Pinton M S ITA FEN
4 Ian Stark M S GBR EQU
4 Frank Wiegand M S GDR/GER SWI
4 Kara Lynn Joyce F S USA SWI
4 Renzo Nostini M S ITA FEN

What about those athletes who only won individual silver medals – no team medals, no golds, no bronzes? We got that list too – here it is:

IndSilvers Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
4 Frankie Fredericks M S NAM ATH
4 Ivica Kostelić M W CRO ASK
3 Viktor Lisitsky M S URS GYM
3 Tsuyoshi Yamanaka M S JPN SWI
3 Raelene Boyle F S AUS ATH
3 Thor Henning M S SWE SWI
3 Peter-Michael Kolbe M S FRG ROW
3 Tim McKee M S USA SWI
3 Leah Poulos-Mueller F W USA SSK
3 Robert Pražák M S TCH GYM
3 Tan Liangde M S CHN DIV
3 Aleksandar Tomov M S BUL WRE
3 Ernie Webb M S GBR ATH

OK, that’s it for silver medal trivia. What about bronze medals? Who has the most of them? Here is that list:

Bronzes Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
6 Aleksey Nemov M S RUS GYM
6 Franziska van Almsick F S GER SWI
6 Heikki Savolainen M S FIN GYM
6 Merlene Ottey-Page F S JAM ATH
6 Harri Kirvesniemi M W FIN CCS
5 Natalie Coughlin F S USA SWI
5 Stefania Belmondo F W ITA CCS
5 Daniel Revenu M S FRA FEN
5 Phil Edwards M S CAN ATH
5 Antje Buschschulte F S GER SWI
5 Arie de Jong M S NED FEN

And here is the list of those winning the most individual bronze medals:

IndBronzes Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
5 Aleksey Nemov M S RUS GYM
5 Merlene Ottey-Page F S JAM ATH
4 Takashi Ono M S JPN GYM
4 Vitaly Shcherbo M S BLR/EUN GYM
4 Dmitry Sautin M S EUN/RUS DIV
4 Yelena Välbe F W EUN/RUS CCS
4 Anja Pärson F W SWE ASK
4 Roald Larsen M W NOR SSK
4 Yelena Välbe F W EUN CCS
4 William Merz M S USA GYM
4 Vitaly Shcherbo M S BLR GYM

Finally, who has won the most bronze medals, and the most individual bronze medals, while winning no other Olympic medals? Following are those two lists:

Bronzes Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
6 Harri Kirvesniemi M W FIN CCS
5 Phil Edwards M S CAN ATH
5 Antje Buschschulte F S GER SWI
5 Arie de Jong M S NED FEN
4 Vitaly Shcherbo M S BLR GYM
4 Jetze Doorman M S NED FEN
4 Robert Dover M S USA EQU

Now for the list of the most individual bronze medals, with no team medals, no gold medals, and no silver medals.

IndBronzes Name Gdr Ssn NOC Sport
4 Yelena Välbe F W EUN/RUS CCS
3 Angel Martino F S USA SWI
3 Stan Rowley M S AUS ATH
3 George Breen M S USA SWI
4 Vitaly Shcherbo M S BLR GYM
3 Hugues Duboscq M S FRA SWI
3 Curtis Myden M S CAN SWI
3 Amarilys Savón F S CUB JUD
3 Sheng Zetian M S CHN WRE
3 Hans van Helden M W NED SSK
3 Arnold Vanderlijde M S NED BOX
3 Gabi Zange-Schönbrunn F W GDR SSK
3 Marian Zieliński M S POL WLT

So with these lists, and probably about $4.50, you can get a nice coffee at Starbucks.

Women’s Olympic and World Cup Champions – Updated US List

After the US Women won the World Cup last week, this greatly changes the list of women who have won both an Olympic title and a World Cup title in football. This is almost a purely American list, with 4 Norwegians on the list from the 1995 World Cup and 2000 Olympics (Gro Espeseth, Bente Nordby, Marianne Pettersen, Hege Riise). Below is the list of the American women who have won both titles, and the number of times.

Christie Pearce-Rampone
Christie Pearce-Rampone

The leader with 5 such championships is Christie Pearce-Rampone, with three Olympic gold medals (2004/08/12) and two World Cups (1999/2015). Seven American women have four titles – Heather O’Reilly, Shannon Boxx, Brandi Chastain, Joy Biefeld-Fawcett, Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and Mia Hamm. One could also add Hope Solo to this list, but this reflects one of the difficulties of compiling such a list. In 2004 Solo was on the Olympic team, but never played as a backup goaltender. Likewise, Tiffany Roberts was on the 2004 Olympic team but never played.

Brandi Chastain
Brandi Chastain

Only Heather Mitts has three such titles without winning both, as an Olympic gold medalist in 2004/08/12. Five Americans have won two Olympic gold medals, without winning the World Cup – Aly Wagner, Angela Hucles, Kate Sobrero-Markgraf, Lindsay Tarpley (2004/08), and Rachel Buehler (2008/12).

Name Total #Oly #WC OlyYear(s) WCYear(s)
Christie Pearce-Rampone 5 3 2 2004/08/12 1999/2015
Heather O'Reilly 4 3 1 2004/08/12 2015
Shannon Boxx 4 3 1 2004/08/12 2015
Brandi Chastain 4 2 2 1996/2004 1991/99
Joy Biefeld-Fawcett 4 2 2 1996/2004 1991/99
Julie Foudy 4 2 2 1996/2004 1991/99
Kristine Lilly 4 2 2 1996/2004 1991/99
Mia Hamm 4 2 2 1996/2004 1991/99
Abby Wambach 3 2 1 2004/2012 2015
Amy Rodriguez 3 2 1 2008/12 2015
Briana Scurry 3 2 1 1996/2004 1999
Carli Lloyd 3 2 1 2008/12 2015
Cindy Parlow 3 2 1 1996/2004 1999
Hope Solo 3 2 1 2008/12 2015
Kate Sobrero-Markgraf 3 2 1 2004/08 1999
Lauren Cheney-Holiday 3 2 1 2008/12 2015
Tobin Heath 3 2 1 2008/12 2015
Carla Werden-Overbeck 3 1 2 1996 1991/99
Michelle Akers 3 1 2 1996 1991/99
Alex Morgan 2 1 1 2012 2015
Becky Sauerbrunn 2 1 1 2012 2015
Carin Jennings-Gabarra 2 1 1 1996 1991
Kelley O'Hara 2 1 1 2012 2015
Lori Chalupny 2 1 1 2008 2015
Megan Rapinoe 2 1 1 2012 2015
Shannon MacMillan 2 1 1 1996 1999
Sydney Leroux 2 1 1 2012 2015
Tiffany Roberts 2 1 1 1996 1999
Tiffeny Milbrett 2 1 1 1996 1999
Tisha Venturini 2 1 1 1996 1999

Small Nations Competing at the Olympics

Nick Zaccardi, NBC Olympics maven, posited that if Fiji gets 50+ athletes qualified for the 2016 Olympics, that it might be the most ever for a nation with less than 1,000,000 population. I tweeted recently that it would be and that no such current nation had had more than 40 competitors at a single Olympics. Unfortunately, I did not go back far enough checking those stats, and it has happened before.

Luxembourg is the only nation with < 106 population (as of 2015) that has had 40 or more competitors at a single Olympics, and they have done it several times, with a high of 52 in 1960. They also had 47 in 1928, 45 in 1948, and 44 three times – 1936, 1948, and 1952.

The first such nation to compete at the Olympics was again Luxembourg, in 1900, although this was not known for over 80 years. Michel Théato, winner of the 1900 marathon, was always considered French until French athletics historian Alain Bouillé discovered in the early 1980s that he was actually a Luxembourgeois national. In 1908 and 1912 Iceland competed, although it was a Danish territory in both those years. From 1920-28 Luxembourg and Monaco competed, along with Malta in 1928. It was not until 1936 that six such small nations competed – Bermuda, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, and Monaco. In 2012, fully 43 such small nations competed at London.

Through 2012, such small nations have competed 398 times at the Summer Olympics – we did not check Winter Olympics for this stat. This has been done in all by 43 nations, although Guyana (British Guiana), Belize (British Honduras), and Samoa (Western Samoa), competed under two different names in various years.

The following list is inclusive of all nations who have competed at the Olympics, with 10 or more competitors, both men and women, at a single Summer Olympics, and currently have a population under a million. I did not try to go back and check populations at the time of their Olympic participation – sorry, but that would be a huge effort. This also eliminates a few small nations that no longer exist as nations, notably Netherlands Antilles and Newfoundland, both of which have competed at the Olympics, but never with very many athletes.

Nation 3LA Year ###
Luxembourg LUX 1960 52
Luxembourg LUX 1928 47
Luxembourg LUX 1948 45
Luxembourg LUX 1924 44
Luxembourg LUX 1936 44
Luxembourg LUX 1952 44
Montenegro MNE 2012 33
Iceland ISL 1988 32
Iceland ISL 1984 30
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1984 29
Iceland ISL 1992 27
Iceland ISL 2008 27
Iceland ISL 2012 27
Iceland ISL 2004 26
The Bahamas BAH 1996 26
Iceland ISL 1972 25
Luxembourg LUX 1920 25
The Bahamas BAH 2000 25
The Bahamas BAH 2008 25
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1992 25
Fiji FIJ 1988 23
Cyprus CYP 2000 22
Guam GUM 1992 22
The Bahamas BAH 1984 22
The Bahamas BAH 2004 22
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1988 22
Luxembourg LUX 1912 21
The Bahamas BAH 2012 21
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1976 21
Bermuda BER 1992 20
Cyprus CYP 2004 20
The Bahamas BAH 1972 20
Guam GUM 1988 19
Iceland ISL 1948 19
Montenegro MNE 2008 19
San Marino SMR 1984 19
Barbados BAR 2000 18
Fiji FIJ 1992 18
Iceland ISL 2000 18
Barbados BAR 1988 17
Barbados BAR 1992 17
Cyprus CYP 1992 17
Cyprus CYP 1996 17
Cyprus CYP 2008 17
Fiji FIJ 1996 17
San Marino SMR 1992 17
Barbados BAR 1984 16
Bermuda BER 1976 16
San Marino SMR 1980 16
The Bahamas BAH 1968 16
The Bahamas BAH 1988 16
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1972 16
Antigua and Barbuda ANT 1988 15
Antigua and Barbuda ANT 1984 14
Cyprus CYP 1980 14
Fiji FIJ 1984 14
The Bahamas BAH 1992 14
Antigua and Barbuda ANT 1992 13
Antigua and Barbuda ANT 1996 13
Barbados BAR 1972 13
Barbados BAR 1996 13
Cyprus CYP 2012 13
Iceland ISL 1976 13
Luxembourg LUX 2008 13
The Bahamas BAH 1960 13
Bermuda BER 1948 12
Bermuda BER 1984 12
Bermuda BER 1988 12
Iceland ISL 1936 12
Liechtenstein LIE 1988 12
Luxembourg LUX 1964 12
U.S. Virgin Islands ISV 1996 12
Barbados BAR 1976 11
Belize BIZ 1984 11
Luxembourg LUX 1956 11
Luxembourg LUX 1972 11
Malta MLT 1936 11
Monaco MON 1960 11
Samoa SAM 1988 11
San Marino SMR 1988 11
Seychelles SEY 1980 11
Seychelles SEY 1992 11
The Bahamas BAH 1964 11
The Bahamas BAH 1976 11
Antigua and Barbuda ANT 1976 10
Barbados BAR 2004 10
Belize BIZ 1988 10
Belize BIZ 1992 10
Bermuda BER 2004 10
Cayman Islands CAY 1992 10
Cyprus CYP 1984 10
Guyana GUY 1984 10
Luxembourg LUX 2004 10
Malta MLT 1960 10
San Marino SMR 1976 10
St. Kitts & Nevis SKN 1996 10

Jaroslav Drobný

Parameter Value
Used Name Jaroslav Drobný
Born 12 October 1921; Praha (Prague) (CZE)
Died 13 September 2001; Tooting-Greater London (GBR)
Affiliations ČLTK Praha (CZE)

Jaroslav Drobný won an Olympic silver medal with the Czechoslovakian ice hockey squad at the 1948 St. Moritz Olympics, but was more famous as a tennis player. For years, he played ice hockey during the winter and tennis in the summer, but his hockey career was cut short in 1949. During a tennis tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland, he defected from communist Czechoslovakia with a fellow Davis Cup player, Vladimír Černík. Drobný, who had won the 1947 World Championships with Czechoslovakia, could no longer represent his country on the ice.

As an Egyptian citizen, Drobný won Grand Slam singles titles at Roland Garros (1951, 1952) and Wimbledon (1954). His 1954 Wimbledon championship made him the first left-hander to win that title. He was also a five-time runner-up in Grand Slam events; three times at Roland Garros (1946, 1948, 1950), and twice at Wimbledon (1949, 1952). His ice hockey legacy could still be found in his dark prescription glasses, which he needed following a hockey accident that severely affected his eyesight.

Drobný uniquely competed at Wimbledon for four different “nations.” He first played there in 1938, representing Czechoslovakia, and again under that designation in 1946-49. In 1939, following political upheaval in Europe, he was listed from the Nazi-occupied protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia. Following his 1949 defection, Drobný was given an Egyptian passport, and won his Grand Slam titles representing that nation from 1950-59. In 1959, he traded his Egyptian passport for a British one, and lived in London for the rest of his life. During a 15-year amateur career, he won over 130 singles titles, and was world ranked in the top 10 from 1946-55. Drobný was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1983. In 1997 he was made a member of the International Ice Hockey Hall of Fame.

Farhang Mohtadi

Parameter Value
Full Name Matthew Farhang Mohtadi
Used Name Farhang Mohtadi
Original Name فرهنگ •مهتدی
Born 6 January 1926

Farhang Mohtadi played basketball for Iran at the 1948 Olympics, appearing in one game, a loss against France. He had earned a B.E. degree from Teheran University in 1945 but in 1948 was studying at Birmingham University in England. Mohtadi was better known as a tennis player and during his years in England played at Wimbledon seven consecutive years (1949-55), although he lost in the first round each year. In 1954 he lost in the final of the North England Hardcourts Championships to Polish player Ignacy Tłoczyński. Mohtadi also excelled at table tennis, making the final of the 1944 Middle East Championships, and squash, competing in the British Open Championships.

He eventually earned a B.Sc. degree and later a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Birmingham. Mohtadi finally settled in Canada where he taught at the University of Calgary, serving as chairman of the department of chemical and petroleum engineering and director of public relations in the engineering department.

His son, Nick Mohtadi, played briefly on the professional tennis tour, including a bronze medal win at the 1979 World University Games in mixed doubles and one doubles appearance at Wimbledon. Nick Mohtadi later became a renowned orthopaedic surgeon at the University of Calgary, with special expertise in sports medicine and clinical epidemiology.

Ion Ţiriac

Parameter Value
Full Name Ion Ioan Ţiriac
Born 9 May 1939 in Braşov; ROU
Measurements 183 cm / 84 kg
Affiliations Sportul Studenţesc; Bucureşti

Ion Ţiriac played ice hockey for Romania at the 1964 Winter Olympics, but it was only a prelude to a much larger life. His main sport was tennis and he became one of the top players in the world, winning the 1970 French Open men’s doubles alongside Ilie Năstase. Ţiriac’s best finish in a singles Grand Slam was making the quarter-finals at Wimbledon in 1968. He was best known for his doubles play, winning 22 career professional titles.

After his playing career ended in the mid-1970s, Ţiriac turned to managing athletes, most notably as the coach and manager of Boris Becker from 1984-1993. He also coached or managed, among others, Năstase, Guillermo Vilas, Mary Joe Fernández, Goran Ivanišević, and Marat Safin. Ţiriac also started running and managing tennis events, including the Madrid Tennis Open, the Italian Open, and in Romania, the BRD Năstase Țiriac Trophy. In 2013 Ţiriac was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

Țiriac’s business interests then branched out and in 1990, after the fall of Communism in Romania, he founded Banca Țiriac, the first private bank in that country. The bank merged several times, eventually becoming UniCredit Ţiriac Bank, one of the largest banks in Romania. He also became involved in other businesses, including insurance, auto leasing, auto dealerships, and local airlines, with his various ventures entitled Tiriac Holdings, TiriacAIR, HVB Tiriac Bank, Allianz-Tiriac Asigurari Romania, TiriacAuto, Tiriac Leasing, and Tir Travel.

In 2007 Ţiriac was named to Forbes list of the wealthiest people in the world, and in 2014 his net worth was estimated at over $2 billion (US). He was considered, at that time, as the richest former athlete of all-time.

Games Sport Team Position
1964 Ice Hockey Romania 12